Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Tar Sands Pipeline from Mexico to Canada Through Indian Reservations

The Pipeline Fight Pitting Native Americans Against Big Oil

Enbridge, Inc. claims Indians don’t own the land on their reservation, which they want to gobble up to send crude oil across Minnesota.

And the Enemy takes advantage of every move Black America makes. Also every move any Natives can make, or any moves anyone else can make. Yes, that includes Angelical White People or whoever. Meanwhile, there are oncoming Natural Disasters, but gee, that only works in Real Life. In Unreal Life, we just rattle on, going on living, without you seeing any such Middle Roads. Or in the end, the Middle Road is supposed to be an Ideal Heaven that always works. Unreality, unrealistic expectations, and furthermore, no real people in the world. Huh. I'm too tired to think straight, too tired to fight about it...I think I will ignore everything and hope it all goes away. It's an old working female method, I think, and perhaps I have finally "rediscovered" it.

The only thing present is humanity being something that can exist in the future and not in the present or in the past. Something impossible that people or others (Others?) could work toward so that whatever dismal or otherwise Unknown (like an accidental crossing between two bird species?) could finally exist. What if it has already been? If so, I wouldn't know how to run back there and go bring it back, as in reading old books, and fix it. I don't feel very ambitious that way, and since we are so "into it" I will say: not anymore. The end.

I don't really feel real or human anymore either. It was a petty pipe dream on my part. Being surrounded by subhuman beings or superhuman beings or ALSO in other words groupie woupies didn't really help. And then, after I found my husband, who wasn't appropriate, real or human in any way shape or form, and somehow we managed to have a child together...the hospital successfully messed her up too, and Obscene Magic was once again involved. So basically, this is Satan's planet is the only way I have left to put it, and that was a book that someone put out in the 1970s, which I guess rather "dates" me altogether. I think I am going to "retire" soon, but supposedly I don't have this freedom. I feel like I'm turning into Peppermint Patty or something equally subhuman now. Go away, you are not going to get anything out of this that is worthwhile.

If so, I am going to have to be brave, and face either some form of homelessness or imprisonment, at some point in time. It will be probably something a lot like a nursing home, a hospice, or along those lines. If Hubby the Bastard decides it again, it will probably be something like a mental ward or a mental hospital. I'm rather expecting that now. But he may decide otherwise because something like his Survival Motive might finally kick in. It depends. On me.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: The US Government, under the Obama administration but I guess it's the Republicans, the Koch Brothers or whoever, maybe Germany or what, is trying to run the pipeline through the major West Coast Indian reservations and take the land away from the Natives and possibly remove them all from the reservations. Where do you think they'd go?

Maybe, to have more fun raping me from a distance. I don't know.

This would obviously lead to those people being imprisoned somewhere, probably in something like FEMA or some "other" style of internment or concentration camps. Maybe several small to medium sized places, maybe several LARGER ONES. That are then built, in place, and not unlikely to get used on just about anyone or any group later on in the future. It's like building a permanent campgrounds region, such as the ones they had during the Japanese American internment. It can easily be used again later, you see, on other such "somebodies." This is that major event people have been talking about, while there's been a lot of forced sterilization also on Indian reservations in the United States. The government is obviously planning on using the Tar Sands pipeline as an excuse to eventually plow through the reservations and remove the indigenous people in America again, and it's again...and stick them away somewhere else. This bodes no good for the rest of us.

This would lead to something obscene, namely real concentration camps, internment camps once again and death camps in all probability right here in the "good ol' USA." What can people do about this? I can only write about it, and try to let people know it's going on. Somebody should get together and stop it, because concentration camps for one type of person usually leads in most cases to CONCENTRATION CAMPS FOR MANY OTHER TYPES OF PEOPLE IN THE VICINITY. IN OTHER WORDS, ANYONE IN THE USA COULD EASILY END UP IN THEM.

It's not like it's all alone and isolated to just Native Americans. It's a common problem in the past, worldwide, and this could mean White People, Black People, Mexican People, etc. eventually. Once you start putting people away in camps like that...you get the drift, right? A miracle called America could go straight into the toilet more or less, never really to return. Flush City. A few or many people at a time, collected, rounded up and put straightaways into somewhere unknown. Military installations, places way out in the boonies, like in Wyoming, Nevada, North and South Dakota, Northern California, Arizona, New Mexico...there are TONS of wide open spaces and easy to hide installation areas that can be used to do this. No, it's not going to happen because I or anyone else brought it up, it's going to happen from people LOOKING THE OTHER WAY.

So read the below, and see what you can do to spread the word about this rather serious issue. It would be hard to face down such a mass genocide again, in a country where we aren't even overcrowded enough yet to warrant mass death and extermination. It's kind of a case of read it and weep, so what can people do around the world to handle this hideous mess? People in the Ukraine or whatever, the rest of the world: please do what you can, but I know you are busy. If so, thank you very much for at least reading this. It's very kind of you. Maybe you can write stuff about this and tell people somehow, so it can be avoided. Don't despair; maybe there will be a way.

CROOKSTON, MINN. — On a map in the crowded conference room of a hotel, Winona LaDuke pointed to a tiny tract of land in the northeast corner of the White Earth Indian Reservation. The area, home to the wild rice that feeds the tribe and helps to pay its bills through deals with retailers like Whole Foods, is miniscule in comparison to the counties that surround it, but it’s worth millions to an oil company and the state. LaDuke’s beloved land—an area of about four square miles—makes up 10 percent of the reservation. The territory is at the center of a dispute between the White Earth tribe and Enbridge, the Canadian company that wants to construct an oil pipeline across the state of Minnesota. Called the Sandpiper, the pipeline will carry crude oil from North Dakota to the port of Superior, Wisconsin. LaDuke said Enbridge will make this jaunt by cutting across the northeast corner of her reservation.

“I’m here today to pretend the system works,” LaDuke announced to a panel in Crookston, that included a state judge, representatives from Enbridge and members of the state’s Public Utilities Commission (PUC). “I want to pretend there aren’t hundreds of pipes sitting in the area, ready to be put into the ground for a pipeline that hasn’t been approved.”

While Enbridge has secured easements for 92 percent of the properties along the pipeline’s route, LaDuke and her allies contend the company will stomp on tribal sovereignty by crossing White Earth land. Not so, said Enbridge spokeswoman Lorraine Little.

“The proposed Sandpiper pipeline route does not cross the White Earth Reservation,” Little wrote in an email. “There may be some properties that fall within the tribe’s definition of ceded territories, but we negotiate with the current property landowner to secure easement agreements.”

Originally within the boundaries of the reservation, there are four townships being fought over—just a fraction of the proposed 610-mile Sandpiper route. A 1980 hunting rights case essentially removed those townships from the reservation—at least, for Enbridge, that is.

Frank Bibeau, the tribe’s attorney and a White Earth member like LaDuke, contends otherwise. LaDuke, adamant in her opposition to the Sandpiper not just on Indian rights but environmental grounds, has been a fixture at public hearings across the state in recent months—a furor of jet black hair, dangling jewelry and controlled incredulity that belies her anger over what she said is a blatant violation of tribal sovereignty.

“We have treaty rights that we believe require our consent to be given before they start putting pipes in the ground.”

“They have some legal right in the sense that they have a permit from the state for eminent domain,” said, Bibeau. “But we have treaty rights that we believe require our consent to be given before they start putting pipes in the ground.”

It’s a sticky legal situation—one that involves a 1980 federal case over hunting rights, and decades of back-and-forth between the tribe, Enbridge, the PUC and the state. But what’s at stake for White Earth mirrors the controversy over TransCanada’s Keystone XL pipeline, and whether it’s up to landowners to decide what happens on their property or judges, as was the case of a recent Nebraska Supreme Court ruling on the Keystone.

“On the one hand, the whole theory of why they’re saying they need to come across [the state] is a hoax, and they’re using that as a springboard to run over our treaty rights and essentially disregard them,” Bibeau said, going on to note the recent drop in oil prices. “If we’re already having gas at less than $2 a gallon, what is the need for having a new pipeline coming through the state in 2017?”

The answers—like the arguments being pushed by pro-Keystone groups and politicians—are profit for Enbridge, tax revenue for the state, and jobs for workers in Minnesota and North Dakota. Along with an estimated $69 million in property taxes paid by Enbridge thanks to the addition of the pipeline, the company contends the project will create 3,000 construction jobs along the Sandpiper’s 610-mile route. If LaDuke and Bibeau lose their fight, it will likely be because of the confusing nature of the laws surrounding the land in question—that corner of White Earth LaDuke is so worked up over. But they’re not the only ones battling Enbridge.

The other 8 percent of territory—held by stubborn landowners and farmers who are holding out for myriad reasons—will soon be in the hands of the PUC. That’s because Enbridge is applying for a “certificate of need,” basically arguing that the PUC give the company eminent domain to the remaining land. That tiny eight percent may not last much longer, and when it goes, so too will LaDuke’s corner of White Earth.

“Enbridge doesn’t have rights to our land,” she told me during a break in the Crookston hearing. “Their plan is quite simply illegal.”

Sandpiper has been in the works for years, but only recently have public hearings like the one in Crookston last Monday begun. They have been filled with sometimes unruly debate over many of the same issues the country has grappled with regarding the Keystone XL—climate change, environmental concerns, dependence on foreign oil, the need for jobs and, most importantly for LaDuke, Bibeau and their allies, tribal sovereignty.

“Really, they’re crossing within the original boundaries of the reservation, and their argument is that this [1980 hunting rights] court case pulled those areas out of the reservation,” Bibeau said of Enbridge’s plan. “The white people essentially say they took it in a different way than they took other stuff from us.”

This has happened before, according to Bibeau, although in a different way. As the federal government stepped away from Indian affairs in the 1950s and 1960s, Bibeau said, more autonomy was given to tribes like the Chippewa, which was eventually split into six different bands in Minnesota. All those factions—White Earth among them—began taking more legal responsibility over their lands. It was confusing and chaotic, Bibeau said. And one of the results of that disorder was a misunderstanding of treaty rights. Meanwhile, Enbridge, through a combination of legal maneuvering and land-buying, set up shop in Indian country, prompting the situation Bibeau and others face today.

“There wasn’t a real strong understanding of what was occurring, and we weren’t really in a strong position as Indians back in the ‘50s and ‘60s to really stand up and do anything about it,” Bibeau said.

Partly as a result of that situation, Enbridge was able to put pipes in the ground on White Earth land. The same goes for the Red Lake Indian Reservation, where some members of that tribe have a similar discrepancy with Enbridge. Protesters there set up a camp in the winter of 2012-13 and, despite ground frozen by the sub-zero temperatures of brutal northern Minnesota winter, gave a nice, big middle finger to Enbridge by building a fence above the pipeline. It was a direct violation of the company’s policy, and a philosophical gesture in support of Indian rights. Thankfully, someone had the forethought to document the act of frigid disobedience.

“In a sense, we were still being held down and our resources were being given away either because we were completely ignorant, or the federal government was OK with it,” Bibeau said of the ’50s and ’60s, when Enbridge and other companies began pumping oil through Minnesota from Canada to the ports of Wisconsin, where the Sandpiper will end. “We had no help from the feds. They were saying, ‘If you don’t like what’s going on, make a law, and go out and sue them.’”

That’s exactly what Bibeau and the tribe intend to do. The period for public comment—which includes the hearings like the one LaDuke spoke at—ended Friday. Now it’s up to the PUC to decide whether Enbridge has a significant enough need to take control of the eight percent of land along the route they don’t already legally possess. Bibeau and his allies in the Indian and environmental communities will argue the company has no such need, not now that oil prices have plummeted. So, last weke, Bibeau and his fellow White Earthers traveled to St. Paul where they testified at a PUC hearing on the Sandpiper. Low oil prices were among their arguments against the project, as will environmental concerns and the confusing legal issues that surround Enbridge’s intent to encroach upon disputed White Earth land.

“While the Enbridge company is 60 years old, my people have lived here for 8,000 years,” LaDuke said at the Crookston hearing. “This is the only place in the world where we live, and this is the only place in the world where we can live.”